English · International Law

Islamic law – Correct misconception! (Chapter 2 – Part 3)

Five categories of human behavior, to what extent do you know about it?

Which roles do they play in Shri’ah as well as civilian life?

We are going to discover it in this part.

The first of these is the forbidden (muharam), which entails punishment upon commission of an act considered prohibited. It is a procedure Islam takes to stop the deviation that man may be led to perversion, wrong and unnatural expression of motives and desires which are harmful to his body and soul. It is a law which stops chaos, corruption and nips dangers and crimes from the bud. Breach of contract or some haram acts such as premediated killing, drinking wine, taking other people’s property by force, thief, disseminating harmful ideas and distributing morally reprehensible books and publications, and so on.

The second one is obligatory (the wajib) which demands punishment upon omission of an act whose performance is regarded as necessary.  Obligatory emphasize the relation between right and duty. Prayer and payment of pecuniary debts are instances of the obligatory.

The third is the recommended (mustahab) that is any act that the Muslim is urged to do, whereby he is viewed a performer of good and so deserves reward and Allah’s pleasure. But no punishment is set for anyone who leaves it or considers it easy, because, if it is done, it yields benefits and, if it is ignored, no harm will result from it. Helping the poor, greeting others, paying visits to friends, giving arm, being tidy and other numerous activities as considered as mustahab.

The next one is the disapproved (makruh), but not unlawful which is urged to avoid although is not unlawful. It sounds weird, right? Yes, the fact that the purpose of this is to block the way in the commission of haram acts. It is preferable to avoid such acts in the interests of self or society. For instance, urinating in stagnant water, making large scale advertisement to sell something which is not so worthy, unilateral divorcing by the husband, etc.

But if a person is compliant, i.e., by performing a recommended act or refraining from a disapproved act, then he or she will be rewarded, although the reward is assumed to await one in the Hereafter. Since the category of the neutral prescribes neither permission nor prohibition, then neither reward nor punishment is involved. And that is the last of these categories.

So far some of you may think that you have known a lot about Shari’ah, we have already know that what are considered the sources of Islamic law, how was it recorded, what is five main categories of human activities in term of Shari’ah, but before we go further, maybe you still miss somethings, the sources of Islamic law are not only Quran and Sunnah. So, is there anything else?

Let’s find out more in the next part.

Back to Chapter 2 – Part 2. 


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